Over the last 25 years science (or research) communication has emerged as a dynamic field of social science research. It is giving us a better understanding of the interface between researchers and various audiences, and the factors and processes that influence the interaction between researchers and their diverse publics.
Below is a selection of research articles, blogs and opinion pieces by leading researchers (and a few practitioners) in the field of science communication that you may find interesting. These articles focus on the communication behaviour of scientists, and how science communicators and research organisations impact on public science engagement. Some (not all) are available as open access articles online.
Andrews, E. et al., 2005. Scientists and public outreach: Participation, motivations, and impediments. Journal of Geoscience Education, 53, pp.281–293.
Autzen, C., 2014. Press releases — the new trend in science communication. Journal of Science Communication, 13, pp.1–8.
Baron, N., 2010. Stand up for science. Nature, 468, pp.1032–1033.
Bauer, M.W., Allum, N. & Miller, S., 2007. What can we learn from 25 years of PUS survey research?: Liberating and expanding the agenda. Public Understanding of Science, 16, pp.79–95.
Bauer, M.W. & Jensen, P., 2011. The mobilization of scientists for public engagement. Public Understanding of Science, 20(1), pp.3–11.
Bentley, P. & Kyvik, S., 2011. Academic staff and public communication: A survey of popular science publishing across 13 countries. Public Understanding of Science, 20(1), pp.48–63.
Besley, J.C., 2014. What do scientists think about the public and does it matter to their online engagement? Science and Public Policy, pp.1–14.
Besley, J.C., Dudo, A. & Storksdieck, M., 2015. Scientists’ Views About Communication Training. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 52(2), pp.199–220.
Besley, J.C. & Nisbet, M., 2011. How scientists view the public, the media and the political process. Public Understanding of Science, 22(6), pp.644–659.
Besley, J.C., Oh, S.H. & Nisbet, M., 2012. Predicting scientists’ participation in public life. Public Understanding of Science, 22(8), pp.971–987.
Besley, J.C. & Tanner, A.H., 2011. What Science Communication Scholars Think About Training Scientists to Communicate. Science Communication, 33(2), pp.239–263.
Borchelt, R.E., 2001. Communicating the Future: Report of the Research Roadmap Panel for Public Communication of Science and Technology in the Twenty-First Century. Science Communication, 23(2), pp.194–211.
Brossard, D. & Scheufele, D.A., 2013. Science, new media, and the public. Science, 339(40), pp.40–41.
Bubela, T. et al., 2009. Science communication reconsidered. Nature Biotechnology, 27(6), pp.514–518.
Bultitude, K., Rodari, P. & Weitkamp, E., 2012. Bridging the gap between science and policy: The importance of mutual respect, trust and the role of mediators. Journal of Science Communication, 11(3).
Burns, T.W., O’Connor, D.J. & Stocklmayer, S.M., 2003. Science Communication: A Contemporary Definition. Public Understanding of Science, 12(2), pp.183–202.
Claessens, M., 2014. Research institutions: Neither doing science communication nor promoting “public” relations. Journal of Science Communication, 13(03), pp.1824–2049.
Cloern, J., 2013. Changing perspectives on how scientists should allocate our most scarce resource — time. AGU Blogosphere. Available at: http://blogs.agu.org/sciencecommunication/2013/05/01/changing-perspectives-on-how-scientists-should-allocate-our-most-scarce-resource-time/ [Accessed July 21, 2015].
Davies, S., 2008. Constructing Communication: Talking to Scientists About Talking to the Public. Science Communication, 29(4), pp.413–434.
Davies, S.R., 2011. The rules of engagement: Power and interaction in dialogue events. Public Understanding of Science, 22(1), pp.65–79.
Davies, S.R., 2013. Research staff and public engagement: A UK study. Higher Education, 66(6), pp.725–739.
Devonshire, I.M. & Hathway, G.J., 2014. Overcoming the Barriers to Greater Public Engagement. PLoS Biology, 12(1), pp.12–15.
DiBella, S.M., Ferri, A.J. & Padderud, A.B., 1991. Scientists’ Reasons for Consenting to Mass Media Interviews: A National Survey. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 68(4), pp.740–749.
Dickson, D., 2010. Communication: A responsibility of all scientists. SciDev.Net. Available at: http://www.scidev.net/global/communication/editorials/communication-a-responsibility-of-all-scientists.html.
Dickson, D., 2012. Science communication: an essential component of development strategies. The UNESCO Courier. Available at: http://www.unesco.org/new/en/unesco-courier/single-view/news/science_communication_and_responsibility.
Dunwoody, S. & Ryan, M., 1983. Public Information Persons as Mediators between Scientists and Journalists. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 60, pp.647–656.
Eagleman, D.M., 2013. Why Public Dissemination of Science Matters: A Manifesto. Journal of Neuroscience, 33(30), pp.12147–12149.
Ecklund, E.H., James, S. a. & Lincoln, A.E., 2012. How Academic Biologists and Physicists View Science Outreach. PLoS ONE, 7(5), pp.3–7.
Eysenbach, G., 2011. Can tweets predict citations? Metrics of social impact based on Twitter and correlation with traditional metrics of scientific impact. Journal of medical Internet research, 13(4).
Fischhoff, B., 2013. The sciences of science communication. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 110(Suppl. 3), pp.14033–14039.
Gascoigne, T. & Metcalfe, J., 1997. Incentives and Impediments to Scientists Communicating Through the Media. Science Communication, 18(3), pp.265–282.
Harrison, T.G. et al., 2010. The many positive impacts of participating in outreach activities on postgraduate students. Communication, (7), pp.13–17.
Horst, M., 2013. A Field of Expertise, the Organization, or Science Itself? Scientists’ Perception of Representing Research in Public Communication. Science Communication, 35(6), pp.758–779.
Irion, R., 2014. Science communication: A career where PhDs can make a difference. Molecular Biology of the Cell, 26, pp.591–593.
Jacobson, N., Butterill, D. & Goering, P., 2004. Organizational Factors that Influence University-Based Researchers’ Engagement in Knowledge Transfer Activities. Science Communication, 25(3), pp.246–259.
Jensen, P., Rouquier, J.-B., et al., 2008. Scientists who engage with society perform better academically. Science and Public Policy, 35(August), pp.527–541.
Johnson, D.R., Ecklund, E.H. & Lincoln, A.E., 2013. Narratives of Science Outreach in Elite Contexts of Academic Science. Science Communication, 36(1), pp.81–105.
Khanna, J., 2001. Science Communication in Developing Countries: Experience from WHO Workshops. Science Communication, 23(1), pp.50–56.
Kohring, M. et al., 2013. Media orientation of German university decision makers and the executive influence of public relations. Public Relations Review, 39(3), pp.171–177.
Kouper, I., 2010. Science blogs and public engagement with science: Practices, challenges, and opportunities. Journal of Science Communication, 9(1), pp.1–10.
Kreimer, P., Levin, L. & Jensen, P., 2011. Popularization by Argentine researchers: the activities and motivations of CONICET scientists. Public Understanding of Science, 20(1), pp.37–47.
Kyvik, S., 2005. Popular Science Publishing and Contributions to Public Discourse among University Faculty. Science Communication, 26(3), pp.288–311.
Lavis, J. et al., 2003. How can research organisations more effectively transfer research knowledge to decision makers? Millbank Quarterly, 81(2), pp.1–28.
Lederbogen, U. & Trebbe, J., 2003. Promoting Science on the Web: Public Relations for Scientific Organizations—results of a Content Analysis. Science Communication, 24(3), pp.333–352.
Leshner, A., 2007. Outreach Training Needed. Science, 315, p.161.
Lewenstein, B. V, 2002. A decade of Public Understanding. Public Understanding of Science, 11(1), pp.1–4.
Lewenstein, B. V, 2010. Models of Public Understanding: The Politics of Public Engagement. ArtefaCToS, 3(1), pp.13–29.
Liang, X. et al., 2014. Building buzz: (Scientists) communicating science in new media environments. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 91(4), pp.772–791.
Logan, R.A., 2001. Science Mass Communication: Its Conceptual History. Science Communication, 23(2), pp.135–163.
Marcinkowski, F. et al., 2013. Organizational Influence on Scientists’ Efforts to Go Public: An Empirical Investigation. Science Communication, 36(1), pp.56–80.
Marcinkowski, F. & Kohring, M., 2014. The changing rationale of science communication : A challenge to scientific autonomy. Journal of Science Communication, 13(3), pp.1824–2049.
Martin-Sempere, M.J., Garzon-Garcia, B. & Rey-Rocha, J., 2008. Scientists’ motivation to communicate science and technology to the public: surveying participants at the Madrid Science Fair. Public Understanding of Science, 17(3), pp.349–367.
Miller, S., 2001. Public understanding of science at the crossroads. Public Understanding of Science, 10(1), pp.115–120.
Miller, S., Fahy, D. & Team, Esc., 2009. Can Science Communication Workshops Train Scientists for Reflexive Public Engagement? The ESConet Experience. Science Communication, 31(1), pp.116–126.
Mizumachi, E., Matsuda, K. & Kano, K., 2011. Scientists’ attitudes toward a dialogue with the public: A study using “science cafes.” Journal of Science Communication, 10(4).
Mooney, C., 2010. Do Scientists Understand the Public? American Academy of Arts & Sciences, pp.1–16.
Nelson, M.P. & Vucetich, J.A., 2009. On advocacy by environmental scientists: What, whether, why, and how. Conservation Biology, 23(5), pp.1090–1101.
Neresini, F. & Bucchi, M., 2011. Which indicators for the new public engagement activities? An exploratory study of European research institutions. Public Understanding of Science, 20(1), pp.64–79.
Nielsen, K.H., Kjaer, C.R. & Dahlgaard, J., 2007. Scientists and science communication: A Danish survey. Journal of Science Communication, 6.
Nisbet, M.C. & Markowitz, E.M., 2015. Expertise in an Age of Polarization: Evaluating Scientists’ Political Awareness and Communication Behaviors. The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 658(1), pp.136–154.
Nisbet, M.C. & Scheufele, D.A., 2009. What’s next for science communication? Promising directions and lingering distractions. American Journal of Botany, 96(10), pp.1767–1778.
Palmer, S.E. & Schibeci, R.A., 2012. What conceptions of science communication are espoused by science research funding bodies? Public Understanding of Science, 23(5), pp.511–527.
Parsons, W., 2001. Scientists and politicians: The need to communicate. Public Understanding of Science, 10, pp.303–314.
Peters, H.P., 2013. Gap between science and media revisited: Scientists as public communicators. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, (Suppl. 3), pp.14102–14109.
Peters, H.P. et al., 2014. Public communication of science 2.0. EMBO reports, 15(7), pp.749–753.
Peters, H.P. et al., 2008. Science communication. Interactions with the mass media. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5886), pp.204–205.
Pew Research Centre, 2015. How Scientists Engage the Public, Available at: http://www.pewinternet.org/files/2015/02/PI_PublicEngagementbyScientists_021515.pdf [Accessed June 30, 2015].
Poliakoff, E. & Webb, T.L., 2007. What factors predict scientists’ intentions to participate in public engagement of science activities? Science Communication, 29(2), pp.242–263.
Priem, J. & Costello, K.L., 2010. How and why scholars cite on Twitter. In Proceedings of the ASIST Annual Meeting.
Rödder, S., 2011. Science and the mass media -’medialization’ as a new perspective on an intricate relationship. Sociology Compass, 5(9), pp.834–845.
Rödder, S., Franzen, M. & Weingart, P., 2012. Exploring the Impact of Science Communication on Scientific Knowledge Production. In The Sciences’ Media Connection–Public Communication and its Repercussions. Dordrecht: Springer, pp. 3–14.
Rogers, V., 2015. Talking about Research: Faculty Share How and Why They Do It. SciLogs – www.Academia-Net.org. Available at: http://www.scilogs.com/the-leap/internal-encouragement-for-researchers-to-become-more-public/.
Rowe, D. & Brass, K., 2008. The uses of academic knowledge: The university in the media. Media, Culture & Society, 30(5), pp.677–698.
Rowe, D. & Brass, K., 2011. “We take academic freedom quite seriously”: How university media offices manage academic public communication. International Journal of Media & Cultural Politics, 7(1), pp.3–20.
Rowe, G., 2004. Evaluating Public-Participation Exercises: A Research Agenda. Science, Technology & Human Values, 29(4), pp.512–556.
Rowe, G. & Frewer, L.J., 2005. A Typology of Public Engagement Mechanisms. Science, Technology & Human Values, 30(2), pp.251–290.
Ruth, A., 2005. Trying to Relate: Media Relations Training Needs of Agricultural Scientists. Science Communication, 27(1), pp.127–145.
Salmon, R.A., Priestley, R.K. & Goven, J., 2015. The reflexive scientist: an approach to transforming public engagement. Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences.
Scheufele, D.A., 2013. Communicating science in social settings. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110(Suppl. 3), pp.14040–14047.
Scheufele, D.A., 2014. Science communication as political communication. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, pp.13585–13592.
Shipmann, M., 2014. Public relations as science communication. Journal of Science Communication, 13(03).
Smith, B. et al., 2013. COMPASS: Navigating the Rules of Scientific Engagement. PLoS Biology, 11(4).
Sturzenegger-varvayanis, S. et al., 2008. How university scientists view science communication to the public. In PCST-10 Proceedings.
Thelwall, M. & Harries, G., 2004. Can Personal Web Pages that Link to Universities Yield Information about the Wider Dissemination of Research? Journal of Information Science, 30(3), pp.240–253.
Torres-Albero, C. et al., 2011. Dissemination practices in the Spanish research system: Scientists trapped in a golden cage. Public Understanding of Science, 20(1), pp.12–25.
Treise, D. & Weigold, M.F., 2002. Advancing Science Communication: A Survey of Science Communicators. Science Communication, 23(3), pp.310–322.
Trench, B. & Bucchi, M., 2010. Science communication, an emerging discipline. Journal of Science Communication, 9(September), pp.1–5.
Trench, B. & Miller, S., 2012. Policies and practices in supporting scientists’ public communication through training. Science and Public Policy, 39(6), pp.722–731.
Van der Sanden, M.C.A. & Meijman, F.J., 2008. Dialogue guides awareness and understanding of science: an essay on different goals of dialogue leading to different science communication approaches. Public Understanding of Science, 17(1), pp.89–103.
Van Eperen, L. & Marincola, F.M., 2011. How scientists use social media to communicate their research. Journal of Translational Medicine, 9(1), p.199.
Van Noorden, R., 2014. Scientists and the social network. Nature, 512, pp.126–129.
Vetenskap & Allmänhet, 2003. How Researchers View Public and Science, Available at: http://v-a.se/downloads/varapport2003_4_eng.pdf [Accessed July 22, 2015].
Vetenskap & Allmänhet, 2011. Public engagement: International review, analysis and proposals on indicators for measuring public engagement, Available at: http://v-a.se/downloads/varapport2011_2.pdf [Accessed July 3, 2015].
Wakeford, T., 2010. Third-Order Thinking in Science Communication. Japanese Journal of Science Communication, 7, pp.87–93.
Watermeyer, R., 2011. Challenges for University Engagement in the UK: Towards a Public Academe? Higher Education Quarterly, 65(4), pp.386–410.
Watermeyer, R., 2015. Lost in the “third space”: the impact of public engagement in higher education on academic identity, research practice and career progression. European Journal of Higher Education, (July), pp.1–17.
Webb, A.B. et al., 2012. Training scientists in a science center improves science communication to the public. AJP: Advances in Physiology Education, 36(1), pp.72–76.
Weigold, M.F., 2001. Communicating Science: A Review of the Literature. Science Communication, 23(2), pp.164–193.
Weitkamp, E., 2014. On the roles of scientists, press officers and journalists. Journal of Science Communication, 13(03).
Wien, C., 2013. Commentators on daily news or communicators of scholarly achievements? The role of researchers in Danish news media. Journalism, 15(4), pp.427–445.
Wigren-Kristoferson, C., Gabrielsson, J. & Kitagawa, F., 2011. Mind the gap and bridge the gap: research excellence and diffusion of academic knowledge in Sweden. Science and Public Policy, 38(6), pp.481–492.
Von Winterfeldt, D., 2013. Bridging the gap between science and decision making. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 110 Suppl, pp.14055–14061.
Wright, A.J., 2015. Defending the Ivory Tower against the end of the world. Journal of Environmental Studies and Science, 5, pp.66–69.